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Event
Anniversary
15 Oct
-70
The Roman poet Virgil was born as Publius Vergilius Maro. His greatest work, "The Aeneid", was an epic 12-book tale telling of the founding of Rome by Aeneas of TroyThe Roman poet Virgil was born as Publius Vergilius Maro. His greatest work, "The Aeneid", was an epic 12-book tale telling of the founding of Rome by Aeneas of Troy
2088 years ago
15 Oct
1080
Rudolf of Rheinfelden defeated Henry VI of Germany at the Elster River but was mortally wounded in the battleRudolf of Rheinfelden defeated Henry VI of Germany at the Elster River but was mortally wounded in the battle
938 years ago
15 Oct
1492
Christopher Columbus noted in his journal that the native islanders of the Caribbean were in the habit of smoking dry leaves; the first recorded reference to tobaccoChristopher Columbus noted in his journal that the native islanders of the Caribbean were in the habit of smoking dry leaves; the first recorded reference to tobacco
526 years ago
15 Oct
1542
Akbar the Great, the third Mughal emperor, was born. He greatly expanded the Mughal empire which by the end of his reign covered most of northern and central IndiaAkbar the Great, the third Mughal emperor, was born. He greatly expanded the Mughal empire which by the end of his reign covered most of northern and central India
476 years ago
15 Oct
1581
The Ballet Comique de la Reine, commissioned by Catherine De Medici and often considered to be the first major ballet, was staged in ParisThe Ballet Comique de la Reine, commissioned by Catherine De Medici and often considered to be the first major ballet, was staged in Paris
437 years ago
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15 Oct
1582
The Papal States, Spain, and Portugal, along with Catholic areas of Poland, became the first countries to implement the Gregorian Calendar, decreed by Pope Gregory XIII in February…The Papal States, Spain, and Portugal, along with Catholic areas of Poland, became the first countries to implement the Gregorian Calendar, decreed by Pope Gregory XIII in February that year. Ten days had been eliminated, thus October 5 became October 15
436 years ago
15 Oct
1608
Italian physicist and mathematician Evangelista Torricelli, who discovered the principle of the barometer, was bornItalian physicist and mathematician Evangelista Torricelli, who discovered the principle of the barometer, was born
410 years ago
15 Oct
1666
The first waistcoat was worn by King Charles IIThe first waistcoat was worn by King Charles II
352 years ago
15 Oct
1730
French soldier and explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe died; he had founded the U.S. city of Detroit in 1701French soldier and explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe died; he had founded the U.S. city of Detroit in 1701
288 years ago
15 Oct
1794
The first “silver dollars” of America’s new currency were struck at the U.S. Mint in PhiladelphiaThe first “silver dollars” of America’s new currency were struck at the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia
224 years ago
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15 Oct
1815
Napoleon Bonaparte arrived on the island of St Helena, where he had been ordered into exile by the British after his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. He remained on the island…Napoleon Bonaparte arrived on the island of St Helena, where he had been ordered into exile by the British after his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. He remained on the island until his death in 1821
203 years ago
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15 Oct
1839
Queen Victoria of Great Britain proposed marriage to her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. They married the following year and had nine children during a very happy…Queen Victoria of Great Britain proposed marriage to her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. They married the following year and had nine children during a very happy marriage before Albert’s premature death from typhoid fever in 1861
179 years ago
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15 Oct
1844
German philosopher and poet Friedrich Nietzsche was born. He repudiated Christianity, liberal ethics and democratic ideals and his views were said to have been a great influence on…German philosopher and poet Friedrich Nietzsche was born. He repudiated Christianity, liberal ethics and democratic ideals and his views were said to have been a great influence on the formation of the Nazi movement
174 years ago
15 Oct
1864
The hymn Onward Christian Soldiers was publishedThe hymn Onward Christian Soldiers was published
154 years ago
15 Oct
1878
Paul Reynaud, French statesman born. As prime minister in 1940, he failed to prevent France's occupation by the Germans, and was imprisoned for the duration of World War TwoPaul Reynaud, French statesman born. As prime minister in 1940, he failed to prevent France's occupation by the Germans, and was imprisoned for the duration of World War Two
140 years ago
15 Oct
1880
Marie Stopes, an early advocate of birth control, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. She founded Britain's first clinic for contraception in 1921Marie Stopes, an early advocate of birth control, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. She founded Britain's first clinic for contraception in 1921
138 years ago
15 Oct
1881
P.G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse, British author and humourist who created the characters of Bertie Wooster and his valet Jeeves, was bornP.G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse, British author and humourist who created the characters of Bertie Wooster and his valet Jeeves, was born
137 years ago
15 Oct
1899
The siege of Kimberley began during the second Boer WarThe siege of Kimberley began during the second Boer War
119 years ago
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15 Oct
1900
Mervyn Leroy born. U.S. film director whose films included "Little Caesar", which launched a whole gangster cycle. He also directed "Gold Diggers of 1933" and…Mervyn Leroy born. U.S. film director whose films included "Little Caesar", which launched a whole gangster cycle. He also directed "Gold Diggers of 1933" and "Random Harvest"
118 years ago
15 Oct
1917
Arthur Meier Schlesinger born. U.S. historian and writer. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1946 for "The Age of Jackson", and later became a speechwriter for John F. KennedyArthur Meier Schlesinger born. U.S. historian and writer. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1946 for "The Age of Jackson", and later became a speechwriter for John F. Kennedy
101 years ago
15 Oct
1917
Mata Hari, Dutch exotic dancer and courtesan, was executed by a French firing squad for being a German spy during World War OneMata Hari, Dutch exotic dancer and courtesan, was executed by a French firing squad for being a German spy during World War One
101 years ago
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15 Oct
1928
Germany’s Graf Zeppelin airship made the first commercial flight across the Atlantic, arriving in Lakehurst, New Jersey four days after leaving Friedrichshafen with 40 crew and…Germany’s Graf Zeppelin airship made the first commercial flight across the Atlantic, arriving in Lakehurst, New Jersey four days after leaving Friedrichshafen with 40 crew and 20 passengers on board,
90 years ago
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15 Oct
1945
Pierre Laval, premier of Vichy France from 1942-1944, was executed by firing squad for collaborating with Nazi Germany during World War Two. It was a sad end for Laval, a hero for…Pierre Laval, premier of Vichy France from 1942-1944, was executed by firing squad for collaborating with Nazi Germany during World War Two. It was a sad end for Laval, a hero for his country during the First World War
73 years ago
15 Oct
1946
Nazi leader Hermann Goering, one of Hitler's most loyal officers, committed suicide in his prison cell hours before he was due to be executedNazi leader Hermann Goering, one of Hitler's most loyal officers, committed suicide in his prison cell hours before he was due to be executed
72 years ago
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