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15 Dec
37
Nero, the fifth Roman Emperor, was born. His reign as Emperor began well but soon plunged into tyranny and cruelty, having both his mother and wife put to death. Legend says he was…Nero, the fifth Roman Emperor, was born. His reign as Emperor began well but soon plunged into tyranny and cruelty, having both his mother and wife put to death. Legend says he was behind the great fire of Rome in 64 during which he admired the blaze from a distance
1981 years ago
15 Dec
1654
A meteorological office in Tuscany, Italy, began taking the first daily temperature readingsA meteorological office in Tuscany, Italy, began taking the first daily temperature readings
364 years ago
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15 Dec
1675
Dutch master painter Johannes Vermeer died. One of the great artists of the Dutch golden age, his importance was not recognised until after his death. His most famous paintings…Dutch master painter Johannes Vermeer died. One of the great artists of the Dutch golden age, his importance was not recognised until after his death. His most famous paintings include Girl with a Pearl Earring, The Music Lesson and View of Delft
343 years ago
15 Dec
1683
Izaak Walton, English writer, died. His best known work was the "Compleat Angler" which appeared first in 1653Izaak Walton, English writer, died. His best known work was the "Compleat Angler" which appeared first in 1653
335 years ago
15 Dec
1745
In the War of Austrian Succession, the Prussians under Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau heavily defeated the Saxons under Rutowski at the battle of Kesseldorf near DresdenIn the War of Austrian Succession, the Prussians under Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau heavily defeated the Saxons under Rutowski at the battle of Kesseldorf near Dresden
273 years ago
15 Dec
1791
The Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments to the U.S. constitution, went into effectThe Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments to the U.S. constitution, went into effect
227 years ago
15 Dec
1806
French forces under Napoleon entered WarsawFrench forces under Napoleon entered Warsaw
212 years ago
15 Dec
1832
French engineer Gustave Eiffel, best known for the construction of the Eiffel Tower built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, was bornFrench engineer Gustave Eiffel, best known for the construction of the Eiffel Tower built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, was born
186 years ago
15 Dec
1840
Napoleon’s remains were interred in Les Invalides in Paris, having been brought from St Helena where he diedNapoleon’s remains were interred in Les Invalides in Paris, having been brought from St Helena where he died
178 years ago
15 Dec
1852
Antoine Henri Becquerel, who discovered radioactivity and was awarded a Nobel prize in 1903, was bornAntoine Henri Becquerel, who discovered radioactivity and was awarded a Nobel prize in 1903, was born
166 years ago
15 Dec
1859
Polish linguist Ludwig Zamenhof, creator of the international language of Esperanto, was bornPolish linguist Ludwig Zamenhof, creator of the international language of Esperanto, was born
159 years ago
15 Dec
1863
Federal forces defeated Confederate troops at Nashville during the American Civil WarFederal forces defeated Confederate troops at Nashville during the American Civil War
155 years ago
15 Dec
1874
The first reigning king to visit the United States was David Kalakaua, King of the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii), who was received by President Ulysses S. GrantThe first reigning king to visit the United States was David Kalakaua, King of the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii), who was received by President Ulysses S. Grant
144 years ago
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15 Dec
1890
Sioux Indian chief Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotake), who led Native American forces at the Battle of the Little Big Horn against George Custer, was shot dead by Native American…Sioux Indian chief Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotake), who led Native American forces at the Battle of the Little Big Horn against George Custer, was shot dead by Native American agency police while resisting arrest
128 years ago
15 Dec
1892
J. Paul Getty, American oil magnate, was born. He founded the Getty Oil company, becoming one of the world’s richest men and a noted art collectorJ. Paul Getty, American oil magnate, was born. He founded the Getty Oil company, becoming one of the world’s richest men and a noted art collector
126 years ago
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15 Dec
1899
British forces under General Redvers Buller made a frontal attack in the battle of Colenso in an attempt to relieve the besieged town of Ladysmith during the second Boer War. The…British forces under General Redvers Buller made a frontal attack in the battle of Colenso in an attempt to relieve the besieged town of Ladysmith during the second Boer War. The tactic failed and the British lost over 1,100 men
119 years ago
15 Dec
1913
HMS Tiger, then the world’s biggest battle-cruiser, was launched in GlasgowHMS Tiger, then the world’s biggest battle-cruiser, was launched in Glasgow
105 years ago
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15 Dec
1916
French forces launched the final counterattack of the Battle of Verdun during World War I. The 10-month battle cost more than 250,000 battlefield deaths with a further half million…French forces launched the final counterattack of the Battle of Verdun during World War I. The 10-month battle cost more than 250,000 battlefield deaths with a further half million wounded
102 years ago
15 Dec
1917
Bessarabia proclaimed its independence as the Moldavian republic, now MoldovaBessarabia proclaimed its independence as the Moldavian republic, now Moldova
101 years ago
15 Dec
1921
Germany applied for a moratorium on war reparations paymentsGermany applied for a moratorium on war reparations payments
97 years ago
15 Dec
1939
The epic Hollywood movie Gone with the Wind had its world premiere in Atlanta, Georgia, introduced by its producer, David O. SelznickThe epic Hollywood movie Gone with the Wind had its world premiere in Atlanta, Georgia, introduced by its producer, David O. Selznick
79 years ago
15 Dec
1943
American jazz pianist and composer Fats Waller died from alcohol poisoning. His compositions include Ain’t Misbehavin and Honeysuckle RoseAmerican jazz pianist and composer Fats Waller died from alcohol poisoning. His compositions include Ain’t Misbehavin and Honeysuckle Rose
75 years ago
15 Dec
1952
The first publically-documented sex-change operation was performed on former American soldier George Jorgensen, who took the name of Christine JorgensenThe first publically-documented sex-change operation was performed on former American soldier George Jorgensen, who took the name of Christine Jorgensen
66 years ago
15 Dec
1961
Former Nazi SS colonel Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death in Jerusalem for organising the deportation of Jews to concentration camps during World War IIFormer Nazi SS colonel Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death in Jerusalem for organising the deportation of Jews to concentration camps during World War II
57 years ago
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