On This Day in History

This database is a source for anniversaries of world interest, searchable by day or keyword, built up by Graphic News over many year for the On This Day series of graphics.

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Event
Anniversary
22 Apr
1124
Alexander I, King of Scotland, died. King from 1107, he was succeeded by his brother DavidAlexander I, King of Scotland, died. King from 1107, he was succeeded by his brother David
894 years ago
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22 Apr
1451
Isabella I of Castile, one of the greatest Spanish monarchs, was born. Through her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon, the unification of Spain under one royal house began in…Isabella I of Castile, one of the greatest Spanish monarchs, was born. Through her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon, the unification of Spain under one royal house began in earnest. Isabella was patron of Christopher Columbus, funding his expeditions which led to the discovery of the New World
567 years ago
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22 Apr
1500
Navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral came ashore in Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal. Spanish explorer Vicente Yanes Pinzon had arrived some months earlier but was unable to…Navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral came ashore in Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal. Spanish explorer Vicente Yanes Pinzon had arrived some months earlier but was unable to claim the territory under the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), which divided the New World between the two European powers along geographical lines
518 years ago
22 Apr
1529
The Treaty of Saragossa was signed which divided Spanish and Portuguese interests in the Pacific Ocean. Portugal regained control of the Moluccas in return for compensationThe Treaty of Saragossa was signed which divided Spanish and Portuguese interests in the Pacific Ocean. Portugal regained control of the Moluccas in return for compensation
489 years ago
22 Apr
1616
Spanish novelist and playwright Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra died in Madrid. His novel Don Quixote is considered one of the greatest of all modern worksSpanish novelist and playwright Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra died in Madrid. His novel Don Quixote is considered one of the greatest of all modern works
402 years ago
22 Apr
1662
Noted traveller and gardener John Tradescant died in London, EnglandNoted traveller and gardener John Tradescant died in London, England
356 years ago
22 Apr
1707
Henry Fielding, novelist, born Sharpham Park, SomersetHenry Fielding, novelist, born Sharpham Park, Somerset
311 years ago
22 Apr
1724
Immanuel Kant, German philosopher, born. One of the greatest thinkers, his work exerted a huge influence on all philosophyImmanuel Kant, German philosopher, born. One of the greatest thinkers, his work exerted a huge influence on all philosophy
294 years ago
22 Apr
1751
Ruth Osborne and her husband were lynched at Tring, becoming the last people to be executed as witches in EnglandRuth Osborne and her husband were lynched at Tring, becoming the last people to be executed as witches in England
267 years ago
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22 Apr
1760
John Joseph Merlin, a Belgian inventor, wore the first known pair of roller skates at a party in London while playing the violin. Sadly he crashed into a large mirror, which…John Joseph Merlin, a Belgian inventor, wore the first known pair of roller skates at a party in London while playing the violin. Sadly he crashed into a large mirror, which shattered and severely injured him
258 years ago
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22 Apr
1766
Madame de Stael (Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, Baronne de Stael-Holstein), notable French writer, born. Best known for her theories on the new 'Romanticism', she also achieved fame…Madame de Stael (Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, Baronne de Stael-Holstein), notable French writer, born. Best known for her theories on the new 'Romanticism', she also achieved fame for her salon for intellectuals
252 years ago
22 Apr
1793
U.S. President George Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality to ensure that the United States did not become involved in the war between France and BritainU.S. President George Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality to ensure that the United States did not become involved in the war between France and Britain
225 years ago
22 Apr
1827
Thomas Rowlandson, caricaturist, died LondonThomas Rowlandson, caricaturist, died London
191 years ago
22 Apr
1833
Richard Trevithick, pioneer of the locomotive engine, died Dartford, EnglandRichard Trevithick, pioneer of the locomotive engine, died Dartford, England
185 years ago
22 Apr
1834
The Quadruple Alliance was formed between Britain, France, Portugal and Spain, supporting Isabella II's claim to the Spanish throne against Don CarlosThe Quadruple Alliance was formed between Britain, France, Portugal and Spain, supporting Isabella II's claim to the Spanish throne against Don Carlos
184 years ago
22 Apr
1838
The British steamship Sirius became the first to cross the Atlantic from Britain to New York on steam power only. The journey from Cork to New York took 18 days 10 hoursThe British steamship Sirius became the first to cross the Atlantic from Britain to New York on steam power only. The journey from Cork to New York took 18 days 10 hours
180 years ago
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22 Apr
1870
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was born as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov in Simbirsk, Russia. Founder of the Communist Party and inspiration behind the Russian Revolution, Lenin later became the…Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was born as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov in Simbirsk, Russia. Founder of the Communist Party and inspiration behind the Russian Revolution, Lenin later became the first Soviet head of state
148 years ago
22 Apr
1876
The National Baseball League was formed in the U.S.The National Baseball League was formed in the U.S.
142 years ago
22 Apr
1881
Alexander Feodorovich Kerensky, Russian politician and Prime Minister, born. Deposed by the Bolsheviks in 1917, he fled to France and then to the United StatesAlexander Feodorovich Kerensky, Russian politician and Prime Minister, born. Deposed by the Bolsheviks in 1917, he fled to France and then to the United States
137 years ago
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22 Apr
1889
Oklahoma’s famous land rush began as an estimated 50,000 would-be settlers raced into the territory to claim an area as their own. Two million acres were made available for…Oklahoma’s famous land rush began as an estimated 50,000 would-be settlers raced into the territory to claim an area as their own. Two million acres were made available for settlement after the appropriation of Indian Territory
129 years ago
22 Apr
1891
Sergei Prokofiev, composer, born Sontsovka, UkraineSergei Prokofiev, composer, born Sontsovka, Ukraine
127 years ago
22 Apr
1899
Russian novelist Vladimir Nabokov was born in St PetersburgRussian novelist Vladimir Nabokov was born in St Petersburg
119 years ago
22 Apr
1904
Robert Oppenheimer, U.S. nuclear scientist, born. He was head of the Los Alamos laboratories which developed the atom bombRobert Oppenheimer, U.S. nuclear scientist, born. He was head of the Los Alamos laboratories which developed the atom bomb
114 years ago
22 Apr
1908
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Liberal statesman and politician, died. Prime Minister from 1905, he gave self-government to the TransvaalSir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Liberal statesman and politician, died. Prime Minister from 1905, he gave self-government to the Transvaal
110 years ago
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