On This Day in History

This database is a source for anniversaries of world interest, searchable by day or keyword, built up by Graphic News over many year for the On This Day series of graphics.

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Event
Anniversary
24 Oct
51
Roman emperor Domitian, son of Emperor Vespasian and brother of Emperor Titus, was born in RomeRoman emperor Domitian, son of Emperor Vespasian and brother of Emperor Titus, was born in Rome
1966 years ago
24 Oct
1360
The Treaty of Calais was signed by Edward III of England and John II of France, allowing England to keep certain French territoriesThe Treaty of Calais was signed by Edward III of England and John II of France, allowing England to keep certain French territories
657 years ago
24 Oct
1537
Jane Seymour, third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died 12 days after giving birth to a son, later King Edward VIJane Seymour, third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died 12 days after giving birth to a son, later King Edward VI
480 years ago
24 Oct
1604
James VI of Scotland was proclaimed James I, King of England, Scotland, France and IrelandJames VI of Scotland was proclaimed James I, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland
413 years ago
24 Oct
1618
Aurangzeb, the last of the great Mughal emperors of India, was born. He reigned from 1658-1707Aurangzeb, the last of the great Mughal emperors of India, was born. He reigned from 1658-1707
399 years ago
24 Oct
1632
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch biologist and microscopist, born. He was the first person to observe bacteria and made many medical discoveries concerning blood circulationAntonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch biologist and microscopist, born. He was the first person to observe bacteria and made many medical discoveries concerning blood circulation
385 years ago
24 Oct
1648
The Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War and effecively destroyed the Holy Roman EmpireThe Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War and effecively destroyed the Holy Roman Empire
369 years ago
24 Oct
1725
Italian composer Alessandro Scarlatti, noted for his operas and religious works, diedItalian composer Alessandro Scarlatti, noted for his operas and religious works, died
292 years ago
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24 Oct
1795
Poland ceased to exist as an independent state after being partitioned between Russia, Prussia and Austria. The country regained independence in 1918 in the aftermath of the First…Poland ceased to exist as an independent state after being partitioned between Russia, Prussia and Austria. The country regained independence in 1918 in the aftermath of the First World War
222 years ago
24 Oct
1857
The world’s first football club was formed by a group of Cambridge University Old Boys meeting in Sheffield, EnglandThe world’s first football club was formed by a group of Cambridge University Old Boys meeting in Sheffield, England
160 years ago
24 Oct
1861
The first transcontinental telegraph message was sent as Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to President Abraham LincolnThe first transcontinental telegraph message was sent as Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to President Abraham Lincoln
156 years ago
24 Oct
1867
Denmark made its first offer to sell its possessions in the West Indies to the United States. The U.S. declined, but agreed in August 1916 to buy them, effective March 1917Denmark made its first offer to sell its possessions in the West Indies to the United States. The U.S. declined, but agreed in August 1916 to buy them, effective March 1917
150 years ago
24 Oct
1876
A small bedside wind-up alarm clock was patented by Seth ThomasA small bedside wind-up alarm clock was patented by Seth Thomas
141 years ago
24 Oct
1891
Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina born. Dictator of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until his assassination on 31 May 1961Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina born. Dictator of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until his assassination on 31 May 1961
126 years ago
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24 Oct
1893
Merian C. Cooper born. U.S. adventurer, explorer and film director and producer. He co-directed "King Kong" in 1933 and co-produced the first cinerama presentation,…Merian C. Cooper born. U.S. adventurer, explorer and film director and producer. He co-directed "King Kong" in 1933 and co-produced the first cinerama presentation, "This Is Cinerama", in 1952
124 years ago
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24 Oct
1901
Anna Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and live to tell the tale. Mrs Taylor’s dreams of fame and fortune failed to…Anna Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and live to tell the tale. Mrs Taylor’s dreams of fame and fortune failed to materialize, however and she died in poverty in 1921
116 years ago
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24 Oct
1904
Moss Hart born. U.S. playwright, director and screenwriter who collaborated with George S Kaufman on many successful plays including "The Man Who Came to Dinner" He also…Moss Hart born. U.S. playwright, director and screenwriter who collaborated with George S Kaufman on many successful plays including "The Man Who Came to Dinner" He also wrote the screenplay for many films including "A Star is Born"
113 years ago
24 Oct
1915
Noted Italian baritone Tito Gobbi was born. He was also a fine actor, and appeared opposite Maria Callas in his most famous role in Puccini's opera "Tosca"Noted Italian baritone Tito Gobbi was born. He was also a fine actor, and appeared opposite Maria Callas in his most famous role in Puccini's opera "Tosca"
102 years ago
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24 Oct
1917
In World War One, the Battle of Caporetto in Italy (now called Kobarid in Slovenia) began. A pivotal battle, the Italians were routed by Austro-German forces in over three weeks of…In World War One, the Battle of Caporetto in Italy (now called Kobarid in Slovenia) began. A pivotal battle, the Italians were routed by Austro-German forces in over three weeks of fighting
100 years ago
24 Oct
1922
The Irish parliament adopted a constitution for an Irish Free State, which formally came into existence in DecemberThe Irish parliament adopted a constitution for an Irish Free State, which formally came into existence in December
95 years ago
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24 Oct
1924
A letter, supposedly from Russian revolutionary Grigory Zinoviev calling on Britons to revolt, was leaked to the British press shortly before a general election. The letter was a…A letter, supposedly from Russian revolutionary Grigory Zinoviev calling on Britons to revolt, was leaked to the British press shortly before a general election. The letter was a fake, but the Tories scored a huge victory over the socialist Labour party
93 years ago
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24 Oct
1929
The Wall Street Crash began as nearly 13 million shares changed hands in panic selling as prices collapsed on the New York Stock Exchange in what became known as “Black…The Wall Street Crash began as nearly 13 million shares changed hands in panic selling as prices collapsed on the New York Stock Exchange in what became known as “Black Thursday”
88 years ago
24 Oct
1931
The George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, opened to trafficThe George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, opened to traffic
86 years ago
24 Oct
1931
Chicago gangster Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in jail and fined $80,000 for tax evasionChicago gangster Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in jail and fined $80,000 for tax evasion
86 years ago
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